...perception.
Taylor, M.C. and Saarinnen, E., 1994. Imagologies. Mediaphilosophy. London: Routledge, Interstanding 7.

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...physical.
Dery, M., 1996. Escape Velocity. Cyberculture at the End of the Century. New York: Grove Press, p. 8. For another critique of cyber-utopianism cf. Stallabrass, J., ``Empowering Technology: The Exploration of Cyberspace,'' New Left Review, 211, 3-32.
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...lists.
For a first attempt to make philosophical sense of Usenet, see MacKinnon, R.C., 1995. ``Searching for the Leviathan in Usenet.'' In Jones, S.G., (ed.), Cybersociety. Computer-Mediated Communication and Community. London: Sage, pp. 112-137.
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...issue.
Lázló Turi offers an introduction in his ``Scholarly Communication Through Electronic Mailing,'' in this volume.
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...Seminar.''
In Computers and the Humanities 26 (1992), pp. 205-222.
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...activities.
See Kenna, St. and Ross, S. (eds.), 1995. Networking in the Humanities. Sevenoaks: Bowker-Saur.
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...models.
Does the Internet Democratize? Philosophical Dialogue On-Line as a Microcosm/Case Study. http://www.lcl.cmu.edu/CAAE/Home/Forum/report.html. See also: Charles Ess (ed.), 1996. Philosophical Perspectives on Computer-Mediated Communication. New York: SUNY Press.
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...composition.
May 1995 circular: http://hhobel.phl.univie.ac.at/mii/circular.html.
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...volume,
Does the Internet Democratize? Philosophical Dialogue On-Line as a Microcosm/Case Study. http://www.lcl.cmu.edu/CAAE/Home/Forum/report.html. See also: Charles Ess (ed.), 1996. Philosophical Perspectives on Computer-Mediated Communication. New York: SUNY Press.
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...objects.
The so-called ``semantic'' account of theories as sets of set-theoretical models is usually contrasted with the syntactic approach that views theories as axiomatically formulated groups of sentences within some precisely specified formal language. Yet for our purposes, this difference is not so great. The models are represented within the language of (usually informal) set theory, with rigorously constrained rules about the syntactic form that the models must have. In contrast, the approach I am suggesting in the text here is radically pictorial in most cases, although sometimes auditory.
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...system.
Imagine how much more compelling Nelson Goodman's Languages of Art (Goodman 1976) would have been had he been able to illustrate his theses within the chapter on ``The Theory of Notation'' with more than the simple diagrams he employs.
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...scripts:
Saenger, P., 1982. ``Silent Reading: Its Impact on Late Medieval Script and Society,'' in: Viator 13, 37.
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...alphabet.
Ibid., 37.
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...cogitations.''
Bacon, F., 1974. The Advancement of Learning. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 131.
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...means;''
Lanham, R.A., 1992. ``The Implications of Electronic Information for the Sociology of Knowledge,'' in: Technology, Scholarship, and the Humanities: The Implications of Electronic Information (Irvine, California, Sept. 30 - Oct. 2, 1992).
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...think.''
Ester, M., 1994. ``Issues in the Use of Electronic Images for Scholarship in the Arts and the Humanities.'' in: Networking in the Humanities, ed. by Kenna S. and Ross, S., p. 120.
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...pictures.''
Neurath, O., 1980. International Picture Language (Department of Typography and Graphic Communication, University of Reading), p. 26.
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...them.''
Ibid., pp. 65 and 109.
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...pictures.
Cf. also Wittgenstein, L., Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, I-50.
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...Ester
I (i.e. Michael Biggs) infer Lanham and Ester's argument from Nyíri's citation.
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...images.
Wittgenstein, L., Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, I-34.
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...Tractatus.
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, 4.1212.
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...ineffable,
Hintikka, J., 1986. Investigating Wittgenstein, London: Blackwell, pp. 6ff.
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...practice
E.g ``fetch six apples'' in: Wittgenstein, L., Blue Book, p. 16.
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...picture.''
Wittgenstein, L., Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, I-28.
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...essence.
Ibid., I-74 and 75.
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...likeness,
Wittgenstein, L., Philosophical Investigations, II-xi, p.210.
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...intention.
Ibid., I-683.
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...pictures.
Wittgenstein, L., Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, I-78.
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...functionality.
The talk is now published as Nyíri, J.C., ``The Humanities in the Age of Post-Literacy,'' in: Budapest Review of Books, 6/3 (1996). For a summary see http://www.hungary.com/books.
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...order''.
Hedstrom, M., ``Understanding Electronic Incunabula,'' pp. 336 and 349.
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...contributions.
Cf. Crane, D., 1972. Invisible Colleges: Diffusion of Knowledge in Scientific Communities, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, p. 94. Similarly Lynne Brindley, in her recent study ``Research Library Directions in the 1990s,'' in: Electronic Information Resources and Historians: European Perspectives, ed. by Ross, S., and Higgs, E., (St. Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae Verlag, 1993), p. 178: ``citation studies in the humanities ... show that well over 50% of books cited have imprint dates up to 35 years ago and earlier.''
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...preserve.
Cf. Ross, ``Introduction: Historians, Machine-Readable Information, and the Past's Future,'' in: Electronic Information Resources and Historians: European Perspectives ed. by Seamus Ross and Edward Higgs.
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...past.''
Jamet, D. and Waysbord, H., 1993. ``History, Philosophy, and Ambitions of the Bibliothéque de France,'' in: Representations 42. Special issue: Future Libraries. Ed. by R. Howard Bloch and Carla Hesse. On the topic of knowledge and digital libraries see also Peter Lyman's excellent ``What is a Digital Library? Technology, Intellectual Property, and the Public Interest,'' in: Daedalus 125 (1996) (Books, Bricks, and Bytes: Vol.125, Nr.4 of the Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences). As Lyman puts it: ``The characteristic facticity of knowledge artifacts'' - that is, of physical bearers of knowledge - ``brings continuity and structure to ideas, making possible the authoritative voice of the author, the structure and continuity of a literature, and ultimately institutional life itself. ...Print and the computer screen seem to be similar because both contain alphanumeric symbols, but text and information constitute very different kinds of public knowledge'' (ibid., pp. 6f.).
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...prospects.
Mullins, P., 1996. ``Sacred Text in the Sea of Texts: The Bible in North American Electronic Culture,'' in Ess, Ch., (ed.) Philosophical Perspectives on Computer-Mediated Communication, Albany: State University of New York Press 1996, pp. 284f.
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...purpose.''
Wittgenstein, L., Philosophical Investigations, I-127
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...Internet''
Called ``mii-dem,'' designating the ``Monist Interactive Issue'' project's Democracy List.
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...discussed.
Occasional spelling mistakes - e-mail is a fast medium - and other incidental errors have been corrected without comment.
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...thrust.
I include the email adresses of the participants quoted for further comments and opinions.
ravi@pluto.njcc.com <Ravi Arapurakal>
Stuart Broz <brozs@gusun.acc.georgetown.edu>
Charles Ess <cmess@lib.drury.edu>
Herbert Hrachovec <Herbert.Hrachovec@univie.ac.at>
Gregor-M. Killing <killing@fmi.uni-passau.de>
John MacDonald <nstn4198@fox.nstn.ca>
Fiona Steinkamp <ejua35@holyrood.ed.ac.uk>
Paul.Treanor <Paul.Treanor@Inter.nl.net>
John Wong <jowong@facstaff.wisc.edu>
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...reality''
Ravi Arapurakal, Nov. 27, 1995.
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...exchanges.
``John Wong, who is reminded of Somalia and Switzerland when I talk about 286 PCs, takes me to task for vagueness in my most recent message. He `risks being inadequate' but he does not risk a charitable reading of my text.'' (Herbert Hrachovec, Nov 29, 1995)
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......''
Stuart Broz, May 25, 1996.
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...philosophy.
Derrida, Jacques, 1994. ``Spectres of Marx,'' New Left Review, 205, 31-58.
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...apart.''
Gunnar Olsson, passim.
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...unicorns.
Notes of Saul Kripke's Shearman Lectures on ``Empty Reference,'' Nov. 8, 1973 (Typescript).
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...adjudicated.''
Thomas McCarthy, Jul 30, 1996.
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hh
Fri Jul 25 22:00:35 MEST 1997